Nawal, a renowned feminist, psychiatrist and novelist, whose writings have stirred controversy for decades in an overwhelming conservative society, died of age-related health problems in on Sunday, officials said. She was 89.
Egypt’s Culture Ministermourned Saadawi’s passing, saying her writings had created a great intellectual movement.
Born in October 1931 in avillage, just north of , studied medicine in University and the in New York. She worked as a psychiatrist and university lecturer and authored dozens of books. She was also a regular writer in newspapers.
As a fierce advocate of women rights inand the world, her writings focused mainly on feminism, domestic violence against women and religious extremism. She was a vocal opponent of female genital mutilation in and worldwide.
When she published her famous book, “Women and Sex” in 1972, she faced a storm of criticism and condemnation from Egypt’s political and religious establishment. She also lost her job at the Health Ministry.
She was detained and jailed for two months in 1981 as part of a wide political crackdown waged by then-President Anwar Sadat. While in jail,wrote down her experience in a book entitled: from the Women’s Prison, using a roll of toilet paper and a cosmetic pencil.
Saadawi was the founder and head of theWomen’s Solidarity Association and co-founder of the Association for Human Rights.
In 2005, She was awarded the Inana International Prize in, a year after she received the North-South prize from the Council of Europe. In 2020, named her on their 100 Women of the Year list.
Because of her views,faced several legal challenges, including accusations of apostasy from Islamists.
Saadawi was married three times, and is survived by a daughter and a son.
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