Scientists who insist virtually all wild dogs are actually dingoes say the term was adopted because it was easier to sell.
They say “killing wild dogs is more palatable than killing dingoes”.
Wild dogs may be fair game for baiting, shooting and trapping programs run by landholders and governments, dingoes are often not.
Wild dogs are estimate to cost Australian agriculture more than $100 million annually.
The legal status of dingoes varies across the states and territories.
It follows a controversial study published last week which examined 5000 genetic samples from wild dogs and found 99 per cent of the animals were either pure or mostly dingo.
“The terminology wild dog is problematic because it implies that the animals are feral or invasive, however whilst dingoes may be an agricultural pest they are still a native animal,” lead author of the UNSW Sydney study Dr Kylie Cairns said.
“This is why we argue that the term dingo should be used when communicating about lethal management or with stakeholders, so that it is clear what animal is being killed,” she said.
“Then an inclusive discussion about balancing management and conservation of dingoes can occur.”
There have been questions about how broadly the samples were taken for the study on which the scientists have responded by producing a map of their location.